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Saturday, September 4, 2010

SUB SPECIES Murai Batu (Copsychus malabaricus)

Hobbies generally more familiar with birds in Indonesia Murai Batu on one type only, ie sub-species Copsychus malabaricus tricolor (White-rumped Shama). This sub-species has a pattern of three colors, namely black, brown and white. The dominant color on the head, neck back and tail usually black. Color brown chest and abdomen, while the lower back (buttocks) and secondary tail feathers are white.

Copsychus subspecies malabaricus tricolor (White rumped Shama)

This sub species most commonly found in P. Java and P. Sumatra. Because of differences in habitat and geographic location of each place is different, then even this subspecies has a striking physical differences. For Murai Batu who live on the island of Java, the local community is more familiar with the title of birds Larwo (Copsycus malabaricus tricolor-Javanus). Birds of this species have indicated very rare (perhaps already extinct).

While sub-species that live around the Sunda Strait, Krakatau, Lampung coastal and inland, people familiar with the name Murai Batu Lampung. This MB has a tail length of about 10 cm - 12 cm. For those hobbies that often follow the birds sing competition, this type is less enthused. Some argued that this type of mentality MB is low and less good booms.
MB Lampung
Photo: Magpie Lampung

For the sake of the birds singing contest or competition, the more liked hobbies in Indonesia Jambi MB. They reasoned than sonority of his voice, a bird of this type have the stamina and movement of the beautiful tail. Maybe they are right because their structure is the long tail ranges from 14 cm - 17 cm allowed the bird to move swiftly and are not burdened with the weight and length of the tail. MB Jambi naturally live near Bengkulu, South Sumatra, Jambi, Kepulauaan & Siberut Mentawai and the peninsula of Bukit Barisan
MB Jambi 2
Photo: Magpie Jambi

Other types Murai Murai Batu Batu Medan or Aceh, Medan MB designation actually refers to MB that comes from Aceh province and surrounding areas. This title is attached as the largest trading center and collectors in the area of Medan, precisely Star Bird Market. In this Provinci also survive a variety of other types of stone magpie, one of which is the MB tail of this type of Black and others have a larger body and a long tail about 20 cm - 25 cm and that have even longer tail that is about 25cm - 30cm. MB MB Medan and Aceh are very interested in, even have become the most favorite pets. Apart from a melodious voice, his appearance at the time of singing is very attractive, ie the ability of its tail swinging (nge-fl), however this type rarely MB lowered or carried by the hobies arena of competition.
MB Medan
Photo: Magpie Medan

Murai Batu other types of long-tailed than is found in Aceh province, also found in Penang, Malaysia, Burma, Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand. Physically the same shape, the difference is perhaps the thickness of the thin tail only. Murai Batu in Malaysia has a relatively long and thin tails, putting a bit small. While most dicarai Murai Batu by the hobbies of Singapore and Malaysia are living Murai Batu diperbatasan Thailand and Malaysia. Although physically smaller than bodynya Murai Batu Aceh, but has a longer tail r and somewhat shiny black color and the color of indigo (blue).

Look closely Murai Batu differences following picture:


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MB Thai-Malays

Malabaricus Copsychus subspecies melanurus (Black-tailed Shama)

This sub-species in Indonesia known as thrush or Murai Batu Nias Nias, because most of the population and its habitat is in P. Nias and surrounding areas. This bird is also found disebagian region of Aceh province. In addition melodious voice, this bird is not too aggressive, so for the hobbies who want to develop this bird breeding, is relatively easy compared with other types that have three colors. These animals are relatively more affection towards his children, so rarely found in the case of breeding Magpie Nias kill her own child.

Based on observations in the field, birds of this type is hard to find or maintained by hobies in Indonesia. This case there are various factors:
1. The competition objective factors
Because of the judging system emphasizes the mental aspect and voice, the hobbies in the country, less fond of this bird because of the lack of aggressiveness at the time contested, they are more like a bird with an aggressive type (fighter).
2. Factors of Trade Exodus
Birds of this species is a popular bird and the most sought after in Malaysia and Singapore. Because they are different from the competition system in Indonesia, their interest to have a very high. This is due to the bird is easily tamed and sound very melodic and varied, making it suitable to be used as pets at home. This has encouraged traders and collectors of birds to export large there. Price per head to tail length of 10cm-20 cm approximately U.S. $ 200.00. Even that has been found to have a long tail 25cm-30 cm, but the sound quality is far from the first.

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Sub–spesies Copsycus luzoniensis (White-browed Shama)

MB coklat hitam putih

Sub-spesies Copsychus M. Stricklandii (White-capped Shama)
There are two types. Habitat in P. Borneo (Kalimantan-Indonesia), Sarawak and Sabah (Malaysia).
MB ekor coklat
MB ekor coklat
Chocolate Tails

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Black & White Tail

Sub-spesies Copsychus Niger (White-vented Shama)
MB Hitam Putih
Habitat: Sabang, Palawan-Philipina

Sub-spesies Copsycus Cubuensis (Black shama)

MB Hitam Pekat
Habitat: Philipina

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